On behalf of 4000 buffalo lovers and counting, BFC’s Executive Director James Holt recently asked our federal land and wildlife stewards to step up and lead the effort to build a “Bison Wildlife Bridge” over U.S. Hwy 191 at the Madison River Crossing. Download the letter (PDF) or read below.


bfc wildlife crossing animals bridge wildlife crossing


January 18, 2023

Sec. Deb Haaland
Department of the Interior
1849 C Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 2024

Sec. Thomas Vilsak
Department of Agriculture
1400 Independence Ave., S.W.
Washington, DC 20250

Charles F. "Chuck" Sams III, Director
National Park Service
1849 C Street NW
Washington, DC 20240

Mary Erickson, Supervisor
Custer-Gallatin National Forest
P.O. Box 130
Bozeman, MT 59771

Cam Sholly, Superintendent
Yellowstone NP
P.O. Box 168
Yellowstone, WY 82190-0168

Dear Friends of the Buffalo: Tac’ leeheyn (Good day).

I write to you on behalf of Buffalo Field Campaign, our tens of thousands of supporters, and as a member of the Nez Perce Tribe. It is my solemn honor to communicate with you today. I recently arrived, along with three of my children, at Buffalo Field Campaign’s headquarters on Hebgen Lake via a snow-packed U.S. Highway 191 about 90 minutes before a semi-truck slammed into a pod of 15 pregnant mother buffalo and yearlings, killing 13 and leaving behind two orphans - one of which, pictured below, lost a horn as well as his mother in the accident, and lost his sibling to a hunter the next day.

With the early migrations of buffalo out of the Park this year, staff and volunteers with Buffalo Field Campaign have been out on the roads around West Yellowstone every day this winter facilitating safe migration of these expectant mothers, yearlings, and the occasional bull bison onto Horse Butte along the Madison River.

Having already lost six bison to late-night vehicle collisions, we were all heart broken by this latest tragedy. It is especially difficult to lose these members of Yellowstone’s central herd, descendants of the original 23 survivors, whose population has already declined below safe viability levels, prompting the petition we filed under the ESA, along with Western Watersheds and Friends of the Animals.

Our National Mammal deserves more protection than this.

We are determined to turn this tragedy into healing action. We immediately started a petition directed to  all of you, as stewards of Yellowstone’s wildlife, to earmark/direct enough of the $350M appropriated by Congress for safe wildlife passage to fund a dedicated “Bison Wildlife Bridge” (and associated infrastructure) along the Madison River. Such a bridge would accommodate, along with other wildlife, the buffalo’s annual migrations to and from their historic calving grounds on Horse Butte, which was designated as protected habitat by Montana’s Governor in 2015. And it would help to reverse the decline of the central herd.

If you have not already, we encourage you to read Brett French’s fine reporting of this incident and issue in the Helena Independent Record. As French reports, the senior research ecologist for the Western Transportation Institute at Montana State University has studied wildlife crossings around the world, including work along Highway 191, and sees the value of a wildlife bridge at the Madison River crossing. In addition, French cites a 2012 study by two WTI researchers recommending an animal detection system to alert drivers to wildlife on the road, which would represent a cost-effective mitigation measure until the Bison Wildlife Bridge could be completed.

As our national wildlands and wildlife stewards, your vocal support for these measures would be greatly appreciated and well received. As indicated, we are not alone in seeking this leadership from your offices. In the short time it has been up, our petition on change.org has already garnered over 3,000 signatures. The story of the tragic collision made national news, and generated feature stories in the Helena, Bozeman, and Billings newspapers.

It is long overdue, in other words, to implement the expert recommendations that have been out there for a decade now to safeguard wildlife on this critical 7-mile stretch of unlit highway that happens to be responsible for seven of every ten bison-vehicle collisions. So far this season, 19 buffalo, four moose and a grizzly bear have died in collisions on local highways near the town of West Yellowstone. Seventeen of those bison were struck between mile-markers 2.0 and 9.0 on U.S. Highway 191. Spring is actually the season when the risk of collisions on these roads is highest, and this year’s high toll coincides with an early migration out of the Park that may be attributable to the unusual flooding experienced last summer.

The solution is so simple: to erect a wildlife bridge with fencing, and possibly tunnels, along this lethal stretch of highway.

Qeciyewyew (thankyou) for your consideration of this important issue. The future of wild Yellowstone buffalo must be strengthened by improving the regional transportation infrastructure. Please assist the Campaign in speaking for the needs of wild buffalo throughout their natal homelands. We can honor Buffalo, protect treaty rights, and bolster cultural and subsistence lifeways, by standing for their homeland and protecting the family units the herds consist of

I look forward to your leadership regarding this most important issue. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me by email or on my cell phone.

For the Buffalo,

James Holt, Sr.
Executive Director, Buffalo Field Campaign
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


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